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acid mine drainage in south africa

Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa SpringerLink

This SpringerBrief focuses on Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) in the three basins in the Witwatersrand, South Africa. It provides a background to AMD and its impactsfrom a social science

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Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) South Africa

2022-7-7  Acid mine drainage (AMD) is the flow, or seepage, of polluted water from old mining areas. Depending on the area, the water may contain toxic

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[PDF] Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa: Development

Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa; However, mining activities are also associated with environmental contamination such as acid mine drainage (AMD). AMD is highly acidic water,

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(PDF) The impact of acid mine drainage in South

2011-6-1  Previous studies in the South African mining industry include a study on the impact of acid mine drainage (McCarthy, 2011), prospects and

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Acid Mine Drainage, South Africa EJAtlas

2014-4-8  Liefferink M and Elize S van Eeden (2010) Proactive environmental activism to promote the remediation of mined land and acid mine drainage: a success story from the

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Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa Environment

2014-11-12  Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa. The effect of mining on the environment includes the release of many chemical contaminants into water resources, which can cause

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Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa

2021-2-5  • The gold mining industry in South Africa (principally the Witwatersrand Goldfield) is in decline, but the post-closure decant of AMD is an enormous threat, and this could become

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Acid mine drainage arising from gold mining activity in

Abstract. The Witwatersrand region of South Africa is famous for its gold production and a major conurbation, centred on Johannesburg, has developed as a result of mining activity. A study

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(PDF) Acid mine drainage arising from gold mining activity

2003-2-1  Gold mining in South Africa established other mining sectors in the country. Since 1886, gold mining has contributed significantly to employment and the general economic

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[PDF] Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa: Development

Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa; However, mining activities are also associated with environmental contamination such as acid mine drainage (AMD). AMD is highly acidic water, usually containing high concentrations of metals, sulphides, and salts as a consequence of mining activity. The major sources of AMD include drainage from underground

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Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa Environment

2014-11-12  Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa. The effect of mining on the environment includes the release of many chemical contaminants into water resources, which can cause environmental damage and threaten the health and safety of nearby communities long after mine closure. This pollution is so persistent that, in the absence of available remedies, in

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Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa

2021-2-5  • The gold mining industry in South Africa (principally the Witwatersrand Goldfield) is in decline, but the post-closure decant of AMD is an enormous threat, and this could become worse if remedial activities are delayed or not implemented. Reference: CSIR. Briefing Note August 2009. Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa. Dr. Pat Manders.

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Management and Mitigation of Acid Mine Drainage in

2022-7-7  South Africa is facing the increasing challenge of acid mine drainage (AMD) whose genesis is the country's mining history, which paid limited attention to post-mining mine site management. In mineral resource-rich Africa, this has emerged as one of the most daunting challenges of our time. South

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Acid mine drainage arising from gold mining activity in

2003-3-1  @misc{etde_20648767, title = {Acid mine drainage arising from gold mining activity in Johannesburg, South Africa and environs} author = {Naicker, K, Cukrowska, E, and McCarthy, T S} abstractNote = {Ground water within the mining district is heavily contaminated and acidified. The Witwatersrand region of South Africa is famous for its gold production and a major

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Water Pollution and Contamination from Gold Mines: Acid

2020-7-24  In the drainage streams, the acidity of the wastewater is of great importance. Acid mine drainage (AMD), which is formed due to the oxidation of sulfides (pH 2-4), is characterized by the high

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Governance and socio-political issues in management of

2017-8-31  Acid mine drainage (AMD) is one specific public health and ecological issue that has stirred debates in political and social circles in South Africa (Feris & Kotzé, 2014). This AMD problem, currently experienced by the government and society in South Africa, is, to a large extent, the result of the governance, the administration and the socio

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The Key Factor of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) in

2016-7-25  Acid Mine Drainage is one of the serious issues caused by mining activities and often reported in the last few decades in South Africa [11] [12] . Jan van Riebeeck from the Dutch East India Company visited the South Africa

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Review: Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) in Abandoned Coal

1 Department of Earth Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town 7535, South Africa 2 College of Water Resources Science and Engineering, Nowadays, acid mine drainage (AMD) problems

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Diversity and functional profile of bacterial communities at

This study surveyed physicochemical properties and bacterial community structure of water and sediments from an acid mine drainage (AMD) dam in South Africa. High-throughput sequence analysis revealed low diversity bacterial communities affiliated within 8 dominant phyla; Acidobacteria, Actinobacter

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The Regulation of Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa: Law

2022-2-10  Acid mine drainage (AMD) is arguably one of the most serious environmental concerns in South Africa. AMD is a legacy left behind by abandoned, derelict and defunct mines, and is a continuing by-product of existing mining activities. In addition to its environmental impacts, AMD will also impact on all the parameters of sustainability, including

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Acid mine drainage, West Rand South African Government

2010-2-11  Acid mine drainage, West Rand. 11 Feb 2010. The Department of Water Affairs as part of the government task team on mine closure and water management together with mining companies have agreed on a model to deal with the acid mine drainage challenge that is affecting the western, central and eastern basins (the Witwatersrand gold fields area

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The impact of acid mine drainage in South Africa

2011-5-31  The regulation of acid mine drainage in South Africa : law and governance perspectives. Loretta Feris, L. Kotzé. Political Science. 2015. Acid mine drainage (AMD) is arguably one of the most serious environmental concerns in South Africa. AMD is a legacy left behind by abandoned, derelict and defunct mines, and is a continuing.

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The Key Factor of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) in

2016-7-25  Acid Mine Drainage is one of the serious issues caused by mining activities and often reported in the last few decades in South Africa [11] [12] . Jan van Riebeeck from the Dutch East India Company visited the South Africa

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Acid mine drainage the chemistry CSIR

2021-9-11  dissociated sulphuric acid. You can see from equation (1) that in order for these reactions to happen, the pyrite must be exposed to both air and Mining is one of South Africa’s most important industries, but it comes with a cost. Rebecca Garland explains about acid mine drainage. Acid mine drainage the chemistry

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State halts its R10bn long-term plan to fully treat acid

2021-6-12  In 2018, South Africa’s water and sanitation master plan envisioned that, by 2040, treated acid mine water would make a “significant contribution” to the country’s water mix.

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Long-Term Remediation of Acid Mine Drainage from

2016-7-31  abandoned mining areas. Key words: Acid mine drainage, Passive treatment, Anaerobic and Aerobic units. Introduction . Many of the abandoned mines in South Africa generate contaminated mine drainage, and over the years this has led to a deterioration in the water quality in many surface streams and ground water, as

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Review: Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) in Abandoned Coal

1 Department of Earth Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town 7535, South Africa 2 College of Water Resources Science and Engineering, Nowadays, acid mine drainage (AMD) problems

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The impact of acid mine drainage in South Africa South

4. Naiker K, Cukrowska E, McCarthy TS. Acid mine drainage arising from gold mining activity in Johannesburg, South Africa, and environs. Environ Pollut. 2003;122:29–40. 5. Winde FLA. Uranium pollution of South African streams – An overview of the situation in gold mining areas of the Witwatersrand.

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The impact of acid mine drainage in the Witwatersrand

The industrial wastes contain heavy metals, which, when in contact with water, re-dissolve and seep through the unlined tailing dumps draining directly into the environment (this contaminated water is generally called acid mine drainage (AMD)). In 2002, AMD water containing heavy metals such a uranium had started decanting from the Western

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